The treatment is designed for male and female adolescents aged 13-17 but has also been implemented with younger children. The pilot data were collected in a Philadelphia urban rape crisis center specializing in the treatment of adults and children who have been sexually assaulted, and in a hospital based clinic in Israel where patients experienced a variety of traumatic events including sexual assault and abuse, motor vehicle accidents, and terror attacks. Clients were predominantly African American and White in the American sample, and White in the Israeli sample. The manual is in English and has been translated into Hebrew.
PCIT is effective with single parents, cognitively limited parents, court-ordered parents, two-parent families, and foster parents. Cultural adaptations have been effective with Latino/Hispanic families, African American Families, and Native American families. PCIT has been disseminated internationally (e.g. Hong Kong, Norway, The Netherlands) and has been translated into different languages (e.g. Spanish and Mandarin). PCIT has been adapted for: Head Start classrooms;Group treatment; Home rather than office based sessions; Domestic violence shelters; Residential treatment centers.
Seclusion and restraint were once perceived as therapeutic practices in the treatment of people with mental and/or substance use disorders. Today, these methods are viewed as traumatizing practices and are only to be used as a last resort when less-restrictive measures have failed and safety is at severe risk.
For more information on alternatives to seclusion and restraint:
- U.S. Department of Health & Human Services
- National Assoc. of State MH Program Directors
- Problem with Increasing Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Schools
Three art therapists have collaborated to produce this unique workbook. Designed especially for trauma survivors, Managing Traumatic Stress Through Art introduces inventive ways to understand, manage, and transform the after effects of trauma. This dynamic workbook consists of carefully structured step-by-step art projects, augmented by tear out images, and writing experiences. The book’s first section, Developing Basic Tools For Managing Stress, is devoted to establishing a safe framework for trauma resolution. The second section, Acknowledging and Regulating Your Emotions, helps the trauma survivor to make sense of overwhelming emotional experiences. The final section, Being and Functioning in the World, focuses on self and relational development, leading into the future.
No specific age/population. Can be used in individual or group therapy. The art experiences are broad enough to be of value to survivors of a wide variety of traumatic experiences, ranging from childhood abuse to accidents to disabling mental illness.
Life Skills/Life Story (10 sessions) was specifically developed to meet the needs of adolescent girls who have experienced childhood abuse and other traumas such as domestic violence and community violence. The program is comprised of two modules.The first module focuses on developing positive goals, the skills to meet the goals and sense of self-efficacy. The second module is a titrated discussion and analysis of the traumatic events that have occurred.
Adolescent girls (ages 12- 21) who have experienced childhood abuse and other traumas such as domestic violence and community violence. Has been used in residential school settings, inner city public schools, and clinic settings.
International Family, Adult, and Child Enhancement Services (FACES) provides comprehensive, community-based mental health services for refugee, asylee and asylum-seeking children, adults, and families suffering from trauma or emotional disorders. Services include individual and family counseling, assistance accessing benefits and entitlements, expressive therapies, linkages to primary and dental health care, and case management. International FACES staff respect each culture’s definition of family roles and recognize the importance of working with and strengthening the family structure. Services are offered in a linguistically and culturally appropriate manner, often conducted by staff from the same culture as the family or with trained interpreters. Outreach and engagement strategies help educate participants about the value of mental health services, as well as providing linkages to other specialized services.
Used often with refugee families.
Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma (ITCT) was originally developed for use in school and clinic settings with culturally diverse clients, ages 3 to 21, and their families. Specific cultural groups include ethnic minorities (African American, Latino American, Asian American, and Pacific Islander American), low socioeconomic status, gender-specific child and adolescent groups, and immigrants from Mexico, Central America, Pacific Islands, and Southeast Asia. ITCT has also been adapted for use in urban schools in economically impoverished areas.
Child Parent Psychotherapy is a dyadic, relationship-based treatment for parents and young children (birth-5) that helps restore normal developmental functioning in the wake of violence and trauma by focusing on restoring the attachment relationships that are negatively affected by violence, establishing a sense of safety and trust within the parent-child relationship, and addressing the co-constructed meaning of the event or trauma shared by parent and child. Sessions focus on parent-child interactions to support and foster healthy coping, affect regulation, and increased appropriate reciprocity between parent and child. Parent guidance on development, behavioral management, crisis intervention, and case management are provided as needed in an unstructured way.
For more information about CPP:
ARC is a framework for intervention with youth and families who have experienced multiple and/or prolonged traumatic stress. ARC identifies three core domains that are frequently impacted among traumatized youth, which are relevant to future resiliency. ARC provides a theoretical framework, core principles of intervention, and a guiding structure for providers working with these youth and their caregivers, while recognizing that a one-size-model does not fit all. ARC is designed for youth from early childhood to adolescence and their caregivers or care-giving systems.
Youth five to adolescent who have experienced multiple and/or prolonged traumatic stress; adaptations have been made for specific populations such as pre-/post- adoptive, internationally adopted, urban high-risk, Native Alaskan, juvenile justice-involved, child-welfare involved, and war refugee youth.